The laws protect workers from any situation of employment discrimination, regardless of their immigration status.
The United States has federal anti-discrimination laws, which protect people against any discriminatory act and in any context. In this sense, workers are covered by said laws, which condemn discrimination based on their national origin, race, color, sex, gender identity, pregnancy, religion, age, marital status or political ideology, state of health, among others. .
De esta forma, tienen derecho a reportar cualquier acto de discriminación ante las autoridades correspondientes. Por ejemplo, la Comisión para la Igualdad de Oportunidades en el Empleo (EEOC), se encarga de hacer cumplir las leyes contra la discriminación en los lugares de trabajo.
But how do you file a complaint with the EEOC? There are different options, from making a complaint in person or by mail to electronic means such as email or a phone call. It is recommended that you file a complaint within 180 days of the act of discrimination.
To file a complaint by postal mail, you need to write a letter with your personal information and details of your employer. Subsequently, make a description of what happened. The letter must contain the date and a signature. Once these steps are completed, it is necessary to send it to the following address: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 131 M Street NE Washington DC, 20507.
Complaints in person require going to an EEOC office, which can be located at the following link by entering your ZIP Code : https://www.eeoc.gov/field/index.cfm
As for complaints by email, just like postal mail, it is necessary to describe the situation or discriminatory act in detail and send it to the address: email@example.com.
Complaints by phone require calling the number 1-800-669-4000, which also has an option in Spanish by pressing the number 2. In addition, the service is available 24/7. It also has a line for the hearing impaired at: 1-800-669-6820 or 1-202-663-4494 (TTY)
After filing a complaint, the EEOC will investigate the case and determine if the affected person has been a victim of discrimination. Complaints are usually resolved through mediation, the informal problem-solving method, or the formal method, which is investigation.